When it comes to pearls, the very first thing strike in our mind is its eye-catching look. Pearls are naturally beautiful and a very rare ornament to have.
We all know that pearls are produced by a living creature called oysters inside the water.
But I guess, very few of us know that apart from Oysters, Clams and mussels can also produce pearls, but the existence is very rare.
Well, today we have brought some lesser known facts about pearls and its existence.
Let’s get started:
#1 Produced By Living Creature
As we discussed above, Pearls are the only gems created by living creature and that too inside waters. Oysters, the producer of pearls, can live in both freshwater and saltwater.
As per as reports, a perfect natural pearl is found in less than 1 in every 10,000 pearl oysters.
#2 All Oysters are Male
All pearl oysters are male at the time of birth but they transform themselves in females at the three or so.
#3 Major Types of Saltwater Pearls
Akoya, Tahitian, and South Sea are the three major types of saltwater pearls.
These three types share around five percent of total global pearl production.
As per as experts, these three types of pearls look similar but their sources are difference i.e. they are produced by different species of oyster.
#4 Freshwater Pearls vs Saltwater pearls
Freshwater pearls cover around 90 percent of global pearl production and China is the biggest producer of freshwater pearls.
A single freshwater mussel can usually produce between 30 and 50 pearls at a time.
Despite the majority of pearls are produced in freshwater, the saltwater pearls have greater value.
#5 Diamond Cultivation is Greater than South Sea Pearls
If we see the cultivation practices, South Sea pearls are very rare. If we compare the production of diamond and south sea pearls then the diamond production is around 10 times greater than the south sea pearls.
#6 Pearls were used in 2300 B.C
As per as the latest records, the pearls were used as one of the major ornaments in Mesopotamia in around 200BC.
So, we can’t simply say that the use of pearls as jewelry is a new thing.
#7 Oldest Pearl Has age of 2000 years
In the archeological dig at the Kimberley region of Western Australia, researchers have found a pearl which is believed as around 2000 years old.
#8 Threat of Shark
In late 19th and in early 20th century, the mortality rate of pearl divers was high as 50 percent.
The two main reason behind this horrifying death rate was the attack of shark and the dreaded crippling effects on the body with every dive.
Today, almost all countries have a very strict protocol and regulations to ensure minimum deaths of divers.